[45] The CFR’s journal.

[46] Peter Grosse, op.cit.

[47] Grosse mentions in a Note that: ‘Accompanying Kissinger on this momentous flight was his personal aide, Winston Lord, a former Foreign Service officer. Lord, … became president of the Council on Foreign Relations in 1977…’

[48] Ibid.

[49] Brzezinski, Between Two Ages, op.cit.

[50] J. H. Morgan, The Quarterly Review, January 1929, pp. 187-188.

[51] In describing the history of its International Relations Department, LSE comments on the funding of the department’s building: ‘How fast International Relations could grow would depend upon Beveridge’s success in tapping the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial Fund for the building work in Houghton Street.’ (accessed 15 January 2010).

[52] Reece Committee, Congressional Hearings (1953) ‘Tax Exempt Foundations’, Staff Report #4, p. 703.

[53] British Library of Political and Economic Science, London School of Economics and Political Science Archives, 1894-2000, Administrative/Biographical history [description]. (accessed: 15 January 2010).

[54] Ibid.

[55] This next phase is that of the so-called ‘democratic revolutions, or ‘colour revolutions’ that are being funded to subvert what remains of economic sovereignty in the former Soviet bloc, and to ensure that there will not be a rebirth of nationalism or tradition-bound morals. This matter will be considered briefly.

[56] A perusal of the websites of both institutions will readily establish the funding sources.

[57] Brzezinski defines the “second American revolution” as a process of changing America beginning with the Civil War and completing in Roosevelt’s New Deal.

[58] Brzezinski, op.cit., p. 90.

[59] Tom Hayden, Reunion: A Memoir (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1989), p. 37.

[60] Sidney Hook, 1949, quoted on the CIA website: ‘Cultural Cold War: Origins of the Congress for Cultural Freedom, 1949-50’; https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/docs/v38i5a10p.htm#rft1 (accessed 26 January 2010).

[61] Business International has associations with the CIA. According to a co-founder the corporation had provide covers for CIA operatives. “CIA Established Many Links To Journalists in US and Abroad”, New York Times, 27 December 1977.

[62] The 1967 Chicago riots against the Democratic Party National Convention, of which the above cited Hayden was a leader.

[63] James Kunen The Strawberry Statement: Notes of a College Revolutionary, (New York: Avon, 1970), pp. 130–131.

[64] ‘Investigation of SDS 1969,’ Committee on Internal Security, 91st Congress, 1st Session,

Pt. 5, pp. 1654-1705 of hearings.

[65] Students for a Restructured University presented themselves as the ‘moderate’ wing of the student uprising, the strategy being to threaten that if their ‘moderate’ demands were not met, the University administration would have to deal with the SDS and other extremists.  ‘Columbia University – Students for a Democratic Society – Unrest,’ ABC Evening News, 19 September 1968, Vanderbilt Television News Archive, (accessed 3 February 2010).

[66] One of those who was involved with fund-raising and organising the student revolt at Columbia University, Dwight Macdonald, in an exchange of letters with Prof. Ivan Morris, stated at the time that, ‘The SRU has received a grant of $10,000* from the Ford Foundation to study and formulate proposals for reform, and something may come of this.’ Ivan Morris and Dwight Macdonald, ‘An Exchange on Columbia II,’ The New York Review of Books, Volume 11, Number 3, 22 August 1968. This Foundation support for the ‘moderates’ of the SRU seems to verify the theory put forward by both Jerry Kirk and James Kunen that Big Business was promoting Left-wing extremism to move the centre of political gravity among the American people to what they would perceive by contrast as ‘moderate’ Leftism, or what we might call social democracy.

*An article in a leading British Leftist magazine puts the amount given by the Ford Foundation to SRU at $40,000. Mike Marqusee, ‘1968 The mysterious chemistry of social change,’ Red Pepper, 6 April 2008, (accessed 3 February 2010).

$40,000 is also the amount stated by Joel Geier, Associate Editor of the International Socialist Review, ‘1968: Year of Revolt,’  talk at the University of Illinois, Champaign, IL on March 26, 2008. Geier was a leader of the Free Speech Movement at Berkley during the 1960s and witnessed the 1968 Paris riots. International Socialist review, (accessed 3 February 20100.

[67] ‘Higher Education: Academic Reform,’ Ford Foundation Annual Report 1968, http://www.fordfound.org/archihttp://www.fordfound.org/archives/item/1968/text/045ves/item/1968/text/045 (accessed 4 February 2010).

[68] Thomas Nilsson, ‘Analysis: Students as Cold Warriors: The International Student Movement during the Cold War (1946-1969),’ESU, (accessed 3 February 2010).

[69] Rachelle Horowitz, ‘Tom Kahn and the Fight for Democracy: A Political Portrait and Personal Recollection,’ Dissent Magazine, pp. 238-239.

[70] Max Shachtman, ‘The Congress of the Fourth International: An Analysis of the Bankruptcy of “Orthodox Trotskyism”’, New International, Vol. XIV, No.8, October 1948, pp.236-245.

[71] K R Bolton, America’s “‘World Revolution’: Neo-Trotskyist Foundations of U.S. Foreign Policy,” Foreign Policy Journal, 3 May 2010, https://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2010/05/03/americas-world-revolution-neo-trotskyist-foundations-of-u-s-foreign-policy/

[72] ‘About NED’, National Endowment for Democracy, http://www.ned.org/about (accessed 7 March 2010).

[73] David Lowe, ‘Idea to Reality: NED at 25: Reauthorization’, NED, http://www.ned.org/about/history (accessed 7 March 2010).

[74] That international business luminaries are nervous about the resurgence of nationalistic and religious fervour in the former Soviet bloc is indicated by a statement by David Rockefeller, where he alluded to there already being in the former Soviet bloc ‘powerful forces at work that threaten to destroy all of our hopes and efforts to erect an enduring structure of global cooperation.’ [74] David Rockefeller, acceptance speech for the annual medal at the 28th Annual United Nations Ambassador Dinner, September 14, 1994, Business Council for the United Nations Briefing; Vol. 8, Issue 2, Winter 1995, p. 1.

[75] M McKinnon, ‘Georgia revolt carried mark of Soros,’ Globe & Mail, November 26, 2003, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20031126.wxsoros1126/BNStory/Front/

[76]Alexander King and Bertrand Schneider, The First Global Revolution: A Report by the Council of the Club of Rome (Orient Longman, 1991), ‘Intimations of Solidarity,’ p. 80.

[77] Ibid., p. 88.

[78] Fred Barbash, ‘Bush: Iraq Part of “Global Democratic Revolution”: Liberation of Middle East Portrayed as Continuation of Reagan’s Policies’, Washington Post, 6 November 6, 2003.