Artsakh and Azerbaijan are incompatibly different in their views and implementation of the sovereignty. The modern-day Azerbaijan represents a quasi-monarchic sultanate. The ruling Aliyev family suppresses any slight sign of freedom or disobedience in their country.[19]  Global human rights and economy watchdogs including Transparency International, Freedom House and Forbes journal traditionally mention Azerbaijan among the world’s most corrupted and non-free countries. Recently, discussions around the ruling family’s properties have swept world media outlets.[20]

Baku’s foreign policy is nothing better. Besotted by easy petrodollars, Azerbaijan’s position on Karabakh remains far from constructive. Azeris deviate from the previous agreements, undermine international efforts to broker a peace deal. Instead of preparing its people for compromises and peace, warmongering and anti-Armenian takes the majority of the republic’s official communication. Clearly, bellicose statements by Azeri top and high-level officials and increasing military spendings[21] jeopardize international efforts, including American, with regards to the Azerbaijan-Artsakh confrontation.

Unlike Azerbaijan, the NKR remains committed to the peaceful resolution of the conflict. The position of Artsakh coincides with that of the international mediators in support for NKR’s resumed full-scale participation in the negotiations process. Restoring the proper format of negotiations and international recognition of the republic became an imperative need for achieving progress in the peace talks. Any positive settlement requires direct participation of the NKR.

And this is the least Azerbaijan must do for the sake of the South Caucasus’ future.

Notes

[1] The late Turkic word “Karabakh” is a direct translation of Persian “Bagh-e-Siah” (meaning “Black Garden”), a geographic term used by Persians to designate this province of Eastern Armenia in the Middle Ages. The native, Armenian, name for the region is Artsakh; it most probably originated from the compound term Sartsakh,  meaning “Mountains and Woods.” These two words (“sar,” meaning “mountain,” and “tsakh,” meaning “woods” or “forest,” in Armenian) together best characterize Artsakh’s landscape. See more: “Nagorno Karabakh: Historical Reference (in Russian)”, Yerevan, 1988, page 8;  Also at: http://www.cilicia.com/History.htm

[2] League of Nations: Journal N17 of the First Assembly, Geneva 1920, page 139

[3] See: U.S. Senate, S. RES. 128, May 17, 1991( http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c102:S.RES.128: )

The European Parliament, Resolution: On the situation in Armenia. February 19, 1990 (http://www.armenianatomission.com/picture/doc/EP_resolution_on_the_situation_in_Armenia_18.01.1990%5B1%5D.pdf )

See also:  http://nkrusa.org/nk_conflict/ethnic_cleansing_campaigns.shtml; 130 Died, Sakharov Says, NY Times ( http://www.nytimes.com/1988/11/26/world/130-died-sakharov-says.html) Nationalism at Its Nastiest , NY Times, http://www.nytimes.com/1990/01/19/opinion/nationalism-at-its-nastiest.html

[4] Declaration of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan Republic on “Re-establishment of the State Independence of the Azerbaijan Republic”, Bakinski Rabochi, August 31, 1991.

[5] U.S. Senate, S.J. Resolution 178, Passed November 19 (legislative day, November 6), 1989, See: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?c101:1:./temp/~c101nKeGUS::

[6] Report on the results of the referendum on the independence of the NKR, see http://nkr.am/en/referendum/42/

[7] The law of the USSR of April 3, 1990, see http://nkrusa.org/nk_conflict/ussr_law.shtml

[8] Hayk Demoyan: ”Mercenaries, extremists & Islamist Fighters in the Karabakh War. How International Terrorist Network Penetrated Post-Soviet Azerbaijan”, Yerevan, Armenia, 2010.  See also The Washington Post (August 11, 1993; April 21, 1994),  The Daily Telegraph (November 10, 1993) etc

[9] The Bishkek protocol, See http://nkr.am/en/the-bishkek-protocol/43/

[10] See UN Security resolutions 822,853, 874 and 884

[11] Ibid.

[12] “Ambassador Vladimir Kazimirov letter to Mr. David Atkinson”, Moscow, December 3, 2004: http://vn.kazimirov.ru/k101eng.htm

[13] Caroline Cox and  John Eibner: “Ethnic Cleansing in Progress: War in Nagorno Karabakh”, 1993: http://sumgait.info/caroline-cox/ethnic-cleansing-in-progress/introduction.htm

[14] Article: Nagorno-Karabakh Settlement Revisited: Is Peace Achievable? Democratizatsiya Journal http://www.demokratizatsiya.org/bin/pdf/DEM%2014-2%20Zourabian.pdf

[15] http://www.arka.am/eng/economy/2011/09/13/27713.html

[16] http://www.arka.am/eng/tourism/2011/09/28/28069.html

[17] The NKR National Statistical Service

http://www.stat-nkr.am/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=38&Itemid=22&lang=hy

[18] NKR Elections Reports, See http://nkrusa.org/hot_topic/election_monitoring.shtml

[19] Free Expression Under Attack: Azerbaijan’s Deteriorating Media Environment: Report of the International Freedom of Expression Mission to Azerbaijan, 7-9 September 2010, See http://www.article19.org/pdfs/publications/free-expression-under-attack.pdf. (See also “UN Experts Ask Azerbaijan To Stop Free Speech Curbs” , Reuters, July 31, 2009;  “Azerbaijan Continues To Eschew Genuine Democracy”, RFE/RL, April 22, 2009; “Azerbaijan oil: a mixed blessing”, The Christian Science Monitor / December 30, 2005)

[20] See Washington Post, March 5, 2010 “Pricey real estate deals in Dubai raise questions about Azerbaijan’s president”

[21] See http://www.president.az/articles/922/print?locale=en  (See also http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201012/cmselect/cmfaff/964/964vw12.htm#note80)