Neff continues in regard to the selling of weaponry to the region:

But of more immediate importance were weapons. And it was here that the Soviet Union played a paramount role at this time. Moscow had allowed Czechoslovakia to become Israel’s major arms supplier in 1948. In that capacity, Czechoslovakia had provided Israel with all the Messerschmitts and Spitfires that formed its new air force, as well as other weapons and the training of 5,000 of its military personnel by the fall of 1948. And it remained Israel’s major arms supplier in 1949.

The significance of the Czech connection to Israel rested on the fact that the U.S. had imposed an arms embargo on the area in 1947. Despite unrelenting pressure from Israel’s supporters, the Truman administration continued to observe the embargo in 1949, as did subsequent administrations for more than a decade.

This attempt by the USA to stabilize the region in an effort to minimize Soviet influence was sabotaged by France’s decision to displace the USSR as Israel’s arms supplier, the strategy being to secure Israel as an ally against Arab nationalism. The USSR then stepped in and began to arm Nasser, and in 1955 the Egyptian statesman announced that “Czechoslovakia had agreed to provide Egypt with major weapons systems, including bombers, jet warplanes, tanks and artillery.”[26] This had followed the February Israeli raids against an Egyptian military post in the Gaza Strip, where 36 Egyptian soldiers and two civilians had been killed.

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles commented that “we are in the present jam because the past Administration had always dealt with the area from a political standpoint and had tried to meet the wishes of the Zionists in this country and that had created a basic antagonism with the Arabs. That was what the Russians were now capitalizing on.”[27]


With the change of circumstances vis-a–vis the USSR and Israel, the Zionists and their apologists changed track and presented Israel as the “bulwark of democracy ” in the Middle East. The Soviet backing of the Zionists had always been pragmatic, as Stalin was no friend of Zionism or even particularly of the Jewish people.[28] The eminent British military figure and scholar John Glubb Pasha, who had commanded the Jordanian Legion, wrote in 1967 an exceptionally penetrating analysis of the Middle East situation in regard to Russian strategy. He remarked that none of the Arab countries wished to become Soviet satellites, but with the defeat of Egypt during the Six Day War, they became ever reliant upon the USSR. The West heralded the 1967 war as a defeat for the Soviet Union, which had “backed the losing side.” However, “the British and the Americans have simple minds and accept events unquestioningly at their face value.”[29] It was Glubb Pahsa’s view that it was in Soviet interests that the West become totally committed to Israel and exclude the Arab world, and that the Arabs, with the devastating Egyptian defeat would turn completely to the Soviets as allies. Despite the hard realities of Soviet foreign policy in helping to contrive a situation that would force the Arabs into their arms, this is not to say that the USSR did not have a genuine commitment to opposing Zionism world-wide from the time of Stalin. While the USSR backed the formation of Israel in it embryonic stages, the Soviet bloc’s internal policy was one of unremitting resistance to Zionism.[30] The position of some conspiracy theorists such as someone even as well-placed as King Faisal of Saudi Arabia that the USSR was Jewish controlled and in secret league with the Zionists is not tenable.[31]

While the Soviet bloc was supplying Israel, in Czechoslovakia, which also happened to be the precise source of Soviet weaponry to the Zionists, the “Prague Treason Trial” was purging the party of those accused of Zionism, a treasonous crime per se. The circumstances of the Prague Treason Trial are that in late 1951 Rudolf Slansky, Secretary General of the Communist Party in Czechoslovakia was arrested for “antistate activities.” A year later, he and thirteen co-defendants went on trial as “Trotskyite-Titoist-Zionist traitors.” They were accused of espionage and economic sabotage, working on behalf of Yugoslavia, Israel and the West. Eleven of the fourteen were sentenced to death, the other three to life imprisonment. Slansky and the eleven others were hanged on December 3, 1952. Of the fourteen defendants, eleven were Jews, and were identified as such in the indictment. Many other Jews were mentioned as co-conspirators, implicated in a cabal that included the US Supreme Court Justice Frankfurter, described as a “Jewish nationalist”, and Mosha Pijade the “Titoist Jewish ideologist” in Yugoslavia. The conspiracy against the Czechoslovak state had been hatched at a secret meeting in Washington in 1947, between President Truman, Secretary Acheson, former Treasury Secretary Morgenthau, and the Israelis Ben Gurion and Moshe Sharett. In the indictment, Slansky was described as “by his very nature a Zionist”, who had, in exchange for American support for Israel, agreed to place “Zionists in important sectors of Government, economy, and Party apparatus”. The plan included the assassination of President Gottwald by a “freemason” doctor.[32] These are not the actions and accusations of a system that is in secret league with in the Zionists.

Did the rearrangement of alliances in the Middle East mean that there was a consequent change of strategy and perspective by Israel, in pursuing a pro-Western, anti-communist agenda?

To the contrary, Israel became, and remains, a center of global subversion on a scale reminiscent of the image the conservatives presented for the USSR as the center of world communist subversion. While Soviet anti-Zionist propaganda was still somewhat encumbered by Leninist perceptions, or at least found it still convenient as a method of propaganda, in portraying Israel as a bulwark of Western imperialism, Israel had its own agenda of world-wide dimensions, seeking to fill the void created by European colonial scuttle after World War II. An early example was the training given to Waruhiu Itote (aka “Gen. China”), second in command of the Mau Mau insurgency against the British in Kenya. The General went to Israel in 1962 along with other East Africans:

On the night of 13th November 1962 he left for Israel for further military training. The trip was not made public to avoid bringing it to the attention of the colonial authorities who would not have permitted it to go ahead. He left with Mzee Kenyatta’s blessings. His studies covered a wide range of military principles and practices. On 26th July 1963 he, together with other participants from East Africa, graduated as an Officer. After his graduation, he remained in Israel until 26th November 1963 when he returned to Nairobi under heavy security. During his stay in Israel, the British government came to learn of his training and had expressed its displeasure at this development…. Shortly after independence, the government arranged for General China and other Kenyans who had been trained in Israel to be absorbed into the new Kenya Army as Officer Trainees. [33]

From the mid-1950s Israel began an earnest initiative to influence Black Africa, where in most of the countries there were “Israelis aiding the military and civil systems,” according to Israel Lior, military secretary to Prime Minister Eshkol.[34] In Uganda, Israel began cultivating Idi Amin when he was assistant chief of staff under Pres. Obote. Baruch Bar Lev, head of the Israeli military delegation, explained to Lior that Amin, despite his oddities, was “our man,” or “he would be.”[35] In Zaire, Pres. Mobutu had a close friend in Mossad agent Meir Meyouhas, who had been part of the “Lavon Affair,” the Israeli attempt to bombs British and US installations in Egypt and blame the Egyptians.[36] In 1971 the British MI-6 and the Israelis encouraged Amin to overthrow Obote, with advice from Israeli attaché Baruch Bar Lev.[37]