[1] Wood, J., “Where did the Towers Go?”,

[2] Jones, S.,

[3] Nuclear demolition,

Prager, J.,

[4] Hoffman, J., “South Tower Collapse Video Frames”,

[5] Pilots for 9/11 Truth states on their website: “Physically and aerodynamically, Arlington’s unique topography and obstacles along American 77 “final leg” to the pentagon make this approach completely impossible as we will demonstrate.”,

[6] It has been shown by several researchers that paths can be found which require a force well within the legal capacity of the plane, 2.5g, for example Legge, F., “What Hit the Pentagon?Misinformation and its Effect on the Credibility of 9/11 Truth”,

Clinger, W.,

[7] It appears Farmer has removed links to his work. His conclusion however has been quoted in several places, for example:

[8] Legge, F. and W. Stutt, “Flight AA77 on 9/11: New FDR Analysis Supports the Official Flight Path…”

[9] Pilots for 9/11 Truth claim the file is not genuine,

[10] Legge F., Science of 9/11 website,

[11] Ranke, C. and A. Marquis, “National Security Alert”,

[12] Chandler, D. and J. Cole,

[13] Collection of Pentagon attack information. The link to the Excel file, which lists witnesses by their type of report, is convenient and still functioning. 136 saw a plane, 104 saw it hit.

[14] Roberts, G.,

[15] CIT responds to Chandler and Cole,

[16] De Boer, M., has a good example of his opinion in this response to an attack on 911Blogger by RCFP,

[17] FOIA video #1 shows very clearly from 21:14 to 21:21 the extent of the façade damage from the left wing. Video #2 shows from 3:30 to 4:14 the right wing tip damage.

The video thus confirms the estimates made by Jim Hoffman from early photographs.

[18] Sucherman, J., for example, saw the low approach then the impact,

O’Keefe, J., “… too low”,

Petitt, M., very close,

911Research, a collection of close witnesses,

[19] Hoffman, J., “Critiquing Pentacon”,

[20] Video of Pentagon from a moving car,

[21] Sarns, C.,

[22] Brokenstyx unfortunately believes the NOC path, however his collection of important parts of the CIT witness testimony, not usually shown, is valuable,

[23] Library of Congress, American Memory,

[24] Boger, S., location image,

Center for Military History interview,

[25] 9/11 Research.wtc7 discusses a hit list,

[26] 9/11 Research quoting Deb Anlauf,

[27] James, I.,

[28] Paik, E.,

[29] Morin, T.,

[30] Hemphill, A., by Craig Ranke,

[31] Wikipedia on the Asche experiments,

[32] The Pentacon,

[33] Thanks to John Farmer, who kindly provided radar positions which he calculated, using proper adjustments for azimuth angle, from raw data he had obtained using FOIA.

[34] Morin, T., by Craig Ranke,

In this video at 7:47 we see that the top of the Pentagon is visible, thus Isobel James would have been able to confirm impact as, if the plane became hidden behind trees, she would be able to see that it did not emerge. At 7.55 we hear Morin describe how the plane disappears from the bottom up.

[35] Arabesque, see section on the sound of the plane, which includes references to the plane speeding up,

[36] Witnesses near the cemetery who indicated the plane was not steeply banked: W. Middleton shows a flat hand gesture then wobbles his arms and says “while descending he was straightening…” D. Stafford says “It was flat, just on top of the roof [of the Navy Annex]” and holds the model plane level. D. Prather also holds the model plane level as he says “across the Navy Annex.”

[37] Hoffman, J., “The Pentagon Attack: What the Physical Evidence Shows.”

[38] Ryan, K., “A dozen questions about flight 77…”,

Frank Legge

After obtaining a Diploma of Agriculture (Longerenong, Victoria), Frank Legge spent his early years as an agricultural employee, then a contractor, in Queensland. He then obtained a “conditional purchase” block of virgin bush in Western Australia which he cleared and developed as a sheep and grain farm. On completion of this, he moved to Perth and enrolled at the University of Western Australia. After graduating with a Ph. D. in chemistry, 1983, he worked as a research officer for the Department of Agriculture for a number of years. This included research into the manufacture and use of biodiesel. He was also involved with the Australian Merino Society in development of their sheep breeding index. He and colleague then formed a company, Solar Track Pty Ltd, and embarked on a project manufacturing solar tracking devices, based on a patented concept they developed in conjunction with the Department of Agriculture. Lastly he moved to consulting.

His understanding of the events of 9/11 are set out in his website: This includes links to the papers he has written and co-authored. In short, the evidence for explosives in controlled demolition of all three buildings is both compelling and obvious, hence the failure of NIST and the 9/11 Commission to consider this possibility is prima facie evidence of corruption.

David Chandler

David S. Chandler, BS in IPS (physics/engineering), Harvey Mudd College; MA in education, Claremont Graduate University, MS in mathematics, California Polytechnic University; high school and junior college physics and math educator; formerly on editorial board of The Physics Teacher (AAPT journal); in 2008, played a central role in forcing NIST to concede that WTC 7 experienced a significant period of free fall. More of his work can be found at his website: