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NGOs: Missionaries of Empire

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Non-governmental organizations are an increasingly important part of the 21st century international landscape performing a variety of humanitarian tasks pertaining inter alia to issues of poverty, the environment and civil liberties. However, there is a dark side to NGOs. They have been and are currently being used as tools of foreign policy, specifically with the United States. Instead of using purely military force, the US has now moved to using NGOs as tools in its foreign policy implementation, specifically the National Endowment for Democracy, Freedom House, and Amnesty International.

National Endowment for Democracy

According to its website, the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) is “a private, non-profit foundation dedicated to the growth and strengthening of democratic institutions around the world,”[1] however this is sweet-sounding description is actually quite far from the truth.

The history of the NED begins immediately after the Reagan administration. Due to the massive revelations concerning the CIA in the 1970s, specifically that they were involved in attempted assassinations of heads of state, the destabilization of foreign governments, and were illegally spying on the US citizens, this tarnished the image of the CIA and of the US government as a whole. While there were many committees that were created during this time to investigate the CIA, the Church Committee (led by Frank Church, a Democrat from Idaho) was of critical importance as its findings “demonstrated the need for perpetual surveillance of the intelligence community and resulted in the creation of the permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.”[2] The Select Committee on Intelligence’s purpose was to oversee federal intelligence activities and while oversight and stability came in, it seemed to signal that the CIA’s ‘party’ of assassination plots and coups were over. Yet, this was to continue, but in a new way: under the guise of a harmful NGO whose purpose was to promote democracy around the world—the National Endowment for Democracy.

The NED was meant to be a tool of US foreign policy from its outset. It was the brainchild of Allen Weinstein who, before creating the Endowment, was a professor at Brown and Georgetown Universities, had served on the Washington Post’s editorial staff, and was the Executive Editor of The Washington Quarterly, Georgetown’s Center for Strategic and International Studies, a right-wing neoconservative think tank which would in the future have ties to imperial strategists such as Henry Kissinger and Zbigniew Brzezinski.[3] He stated in a 1991 interview that “A lot of what we do today was done covertly 25 years ago by the CIA.”[4]

The first director of the Endowment, Carl Gershman, outright admitted that the Endowment was a front for the CIA. In 1986 he stated:

We should not have to do this kind of work covertly. It would be terrible for democratic groups around the world to be seen as subsidized by the CIA. We saw that in the ‘60s, and that’s why it has been discontinued. We have not had the capability of doing this, and that’s why the endowment was created.[5] (emphasis added)

It can be further observed that the Endowment is a tool of the US government, as ever since its founding in 1983, it “has received an annual appropriation approved by the United States Congress as part of the United States Information Agency budget.”[6]

No sooner than the Endowment was founded did it begin funding groups that would support US interests. From 1983 to 1984, the Endowment was active in France and “supported a ‘trade union-like organization that for professors and students’ to counter ‘left-wing organizations of professors,’”[7] through the funding of seminars, posters, books, and pamphlets that encouraged opposition to leftist thought. In the mid and late 1990s, the NED continued its fight against organized labor by giving in excess of $2.5 million to the American Institute of Free Labor Development which was a CIA front used to undermine progressive labor unions.

Later on, the Endowment became involved in interfering with elections in Venezuela and Haiti in order to undermine leftwing movements there. The NED is and continues to be a source of instability in nations across the globe that don’t kneel before US imperial might. Yet the Endowment funds another pseudo-NGO: Freedom House.

Freedom House

Freedom House was originally founded in 1941 as a pro-democracy and pro-human rights organization. While this may have been true in the past, in the present day, Freedom House is quite involved in pushing US interests in global politics and its leaders have connections to rather unsavory organizations, such as current Executive Director David Kramer being a Senior Fellow to the Project for the New American Century, many of whose members are responsible for the current warmongering status of the US.[8]

During the Bush administration, the President used Freedom House to support the so-called War on Terror. In a March 29, 2006 speech, President Bush stated that Freedom House “declared the year 2005 was one of the most successful years for freedom since the Freedom House began measuring world freedom more than 30 years ago” and that the US should not rest “until the promise of liberty reaches every people and every nation” because “In this new century, the advance of freedom is a vital element of our strategy to protect the American people, and to secure the peace for generations to come.”[9]

Later, it was revealed that Freedom House became more and more supportive of the Bush administration’s policies because of the funding it was getting from the US government. According to its own internal report in 2007, the US government was providing some 66% of funding for the organization.[10] This funding mainly came from the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the US State Department, and the National Endowment for Democracy. Thus, we see not only the political connection of Freedom House to US government, but major financial connections as well.

It should be noted, however, that Freedom House was not alone in supporting the government. Under the Bush administration, the US government forced NGOs to become more compliant to their demands. In 2003, USAID Administrator Andrew Natsios stated in a speech given at a conference of NGOs that in Afghanistan the relationship between NGOs and USAID does affect the survival of the Karzai regime and that Afghans “believe [their life] is improving through mechanisms that have nothing to do with the U.S. government and nothing to do with the central government. That is a very serious problem.”[11] On the situation in Iraq, Natsios stated that when it comes to NGO work in the country “proving results counts, but showing a connection between those results and U.S. policy counts as well.”[12] (emphasis added) NGOs were essentially told that they were tools of the US government and were being made part of the imperial apparatus.

Most recently, Freedom House was active in the Arab Spring, where they aided in the training and financing of civil society groups and individuals “including the April 6 Youth Movement in Egypt, the Bahrain Center for Human Rights and grass-roots activists like Entsar Qadhi, a youth leader in Yemen.”[13]

While the Endowment and Freedom House are being used as tools of US foreign policy that does not mean that the US government isn’t looking for new tools, namely Amnesty International.

Amnesty International

The human rights organization Amnesty International is the newest tool in the imperial toolbox of the American Empire. In January 2012, Suzanne Nossel was appointed the new Executive Director of Amnesty International by the group itself. Before coming to Amnesty, Nossel already had deep connections to the US government as she had “served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Organizations at the U.S. Department of State.”[14]

Nossel is known for coining the term ‘smart power’ which she defined as knowing that “US interests are furthered by enlisting others on behalf of U.S. goals, through alliances, international institutions, careful diplomacy, and the power of ideals.” While this definition may seem harmless, ‘smart power’ seems to be an enhanced version of Joseph Nye’s ‘soft power,’ which itself is defined as “the ability to obtain the outcomes one wants through attraction rather than using the carrots and sticks of payment or coercion.”[15] A possible example of this ‘smart power’ is the war in Libya, where the US used the UN as a means to get permission to engage in ‘humanitarian intervention.’

Yet, even before Nossel was appointed to Amnesty, the group was unwittingly aiding in the media war against Syria. In a September 1, 2011 Democracy Now interview, Neil Sammonds, the researcher and one of the author’s for Amnesty’s report Deadly Detention: Deaths in Custody Amid Popular Protest in Syria, spoke about the manner in which the research was done for the report. He stated:

I’ve not been into Syria. Amnesty International has not been allowed into the country during these events, although we have requested it. So the research for this report was done mostly from London, but also from some work in neighboring countries and through communications with a large network of contacts and relatives of the families, and, you know, other sources.[16] (emphasis added)

How can one write a report with any amount of authority if their only sources are through second-hand sources that may or may not have a bias or an agenda to push? How can you write a report using sources whose information has no way of being verified? It is reminiscent of the media war against Gaddafi, where it was reported in the mainstream media that he was bombing his own people and had given Viagra to his soldiers as so they could rape women, but absolutely none of this was verified.

While NGOs can have a positive influence on society at large, one must be aware of their backgrounds, who is in charge of them, and from whom they are getting funding from because the nature of the NGO is changing, it is being more and more integrated into the imperial apparatus of domination and exploitation. NGOs are fast becoming the missionaries of empire.

Notes

[1] http://www.ned.org/about

[2] http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/Church_Committee_Created.htm

[3] http://www.rightweb.irc-online.org/articles/display/Center_for_Strategic_and_International_Studies#P3782_823232

[4] William Blum, Rogue State: A Guide to the World’s Only Superpower, 3rd ed. (Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press, 2005) pg 239

[5] Ibid, pg 239

[6] 22 C.F.R. Part 67—Organization of the National Endowment for Democracy, Title 22: Foreign Relations, http://law.justia.com/cfr/title22/22-1.0.1.7.42.html

[7] Blum, pg 240

[8] http://web.archive.org/web/20110630143054/http://freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=92&staff=450

[9] President Bush Addresses Freedom House in Washington, CNN, March 29, 2006, http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0603/29/se.01.html

[10] http://web.archive.org/web/20100331104836/http://www.freedomhouse.org/uploads/special_report/71.pdf

[11] Remarks by Andrew S. Natsios, Administrator, USAID, May 21, 2003, http://www.usaid.gov/press/speeches/2003/sp030521.html

[12] Ibid

[13] Ron Nixon, “U.S. Groups Helped Nurture Arab Uprisings,” New York Times, April 14, 2011,  http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/15/world/15aid.html?pagewanted=all

[14] http://www.democracyarsenal.org/SmartPowerFA.pdf

[15] Joseph Nye, “Barack Obama and Soft Power,” Huffington Post, June 12, 2008, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joseph-nye/barack-obama-and-soft-pow_b_106717.html

[16] “Amnesty International Decries Assad Regime’s ‘Brutal’ Crackdown on Syrian Protestors,” DemocracyNow.org, September 1, 2011, http://www.democracynow.org/2011/9/1/amnesty_international_decries_assad_regimes_brutal


About the Author

Devon Douglas-Bowers

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Devon DB is a 22 year old independent writer and researcher. He is the Politics/Government Department Chair at the Hampton Institute, a working class think tank, and holds a BA in Political Science. He can be contacted at devondb[at]mail[dot]com. 
  • aussie

    Timely article. Thanks.

    Amnesty (USA) is currently advising using Kony hype (spurred by video) to pressure Obama to get more boots on the ground in geo-strategic Uganda, where a massive oil field was found a few years back.

  • denk

    with the mdm sec around, who needs the cia, er, ned ?

    inyurl.com/7yzovgv

    tinyurl.com/723py75

    tinyurl.com/7onqh4d

  • NGOs

    There are NGOs that are funded by what is Euphemistically called National Endowment for Democracy; what is Euphemistically called Freedom House, and what is Euphemistically called Amnesty International, and they need the Bribed and Corrupted Western Journalists to perpetrate their Evil Conspiracies. These Organizations are very Selective in their treatment and reporting of the Facts, and the Serbian People are one of Many groups that have been Slandered and Unjustly Suffered because of the American led Warmongers. Ruling Democratic Party Vice President Jelena Trivan said that Voters would create Serbia’s future at the next Elections, and said that the Voters of Serbia alone would decide whether they would choose the people who will lead the country into war and get its citizens drafted, or those who would ensure peace, security, and prosperity. This German Nazi Style Tactics may be used on a Democracy, and I provide an example where it might be applied, because in a European Democracy, there may need to be greater subtlety by NATO and their Clients.

    This is the perfect Confession by Britain, America, Germany, and France who continue to disrespect Democracy, and the Rule of Law, and uses Threats and Intimidations that are conveniently uttered by their Puppets for the sake of subtlety. It is like saying; be our Puppets or you will have War, and if you do not Vote for Puppetship to America and Germany, then it will be your fault, because we who are of Tadic and Company have found that being Unprincipled Puppets is such a lovely thing. This is because they have seen the Gravy Train that awaits Tadic and Company, and a few other Foreign Sponsors and Domestic Sponsors, and that they want that Gravy for themselves so much, that they will readily betray their Country. It could be that Trivan who is part of Tadic and Company could imagine (read could desire and could welcome) a NATO intervention to overthrow a Democratically Government that was not to America’s and Germany’s liking, just like America has done many times in South America and elsewhere, and to install their Puppets. Tadic and Company would eagerly join NATO and Tadic and Company would readily draft the Serbian youth to fight and die in America’s Wars. Tadic and Company have been briefed on America’s plans, and they are so confident to actually Confess that in the future, these two major groups of Voters must not be remembered just during Election Campaigns, and this means that they were ignored until now, and they will be ignored after the Election by Tadic and Company.

    Tadic and Company have placed their Confidence in the American State Department’s Propaganda and Voter Manipulation Techniques, and other dirty Election tricks to try to steal the Election, just like they did at the Last Election. They have to use these Unprincipled Tactics, because they cannot campaign on their Dismal Economic Record, because they have they just steal from the Serbian People, and they want the Serbian youth to die in American and NATO Wars, so that they can enrich themselves. This is the same Democratic Party deputy leader Jelena Trivan who Confessed on B 92 on 23 February 2012, that that the Tadic and Company Government should stop being Arrogant. There has been no Announcement by Jelena Trivan to say that Tadic and Company have stopped being Arrogant, and even if there were such an Announcement, why would anyone, even Jelena Trivan believe it? The Voters could cope with genuine economic mistakes, but what do normal People think of Puppets, and I guess you need a good degree of Arrogance to Deliberately lie to the Voters, and to use these Tactics on Voters, and the only way to prevent Arrogance with Tadic and Company, is to not vote for Tadic and Company. The European Parliament Rapporteur for Serbia Jelko Kacin has stated on B 92 on 14 March 2012, and his exact words were: “that Serbia’s central issue is NOW to combat against Systemic Corruption.” We see here that the word NOW was used, because this was not a consideration when all the others things like The Hague and Kosovo were concerned, and if Serbia Elects Tadic and Company, there will be endless demands by the German dominated European Union, because they have the Systemic Corruption Dirt on Tadic and Company, and the VERY LAST European Country that Germany wants to make Rich would be Serbia, and if you do not believe this, then just ask Greece and the other Countries who resisted the German Third Reich.

    Tadic and Company have been in power for far too long, and those Serbian Voters who Voted for Tadic and Company in the past, need to make a U turn from the proven Incompetence and Corruption of Tadic and Company, because it is time for Serbia to Vote for change. We can see how the Puppets Apprentices are saying their DS Puppet Masters have been instructed to say by the Puppet Masters of Tadic and Company, which are America and Germany. Democratic Party Vice President Jelena Trivan has said that there will be War if the Opposition wins the Elections, and now their Partner Nenad Canak who wants to steal Vojvodina with Tadic and Company’s blessing is Slanderously saying that the Non Puppet Political Parties are prepared to start a War to win the Elections. The only ones willing to Deliberately start wars are America, NATO, the Albanians, and any of their Puppets in Serbia, and they are willing to Deliberately Lie and blame others, just like they did in 1999, and especially at this time, because Election Time, is the Time for Many Lies.

    America is eager to make it look like the Theft of Serbia’s Province of Kosovo was Legitimate, and they need to make it look like Tadic and Company were Legitimately Elected. League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina leader Nenad Canak says a coalition led by Tadic and Company could lose the upcoming Elections only if “wars, primarily in Kosovo, were reignited.” Nenad Canak say that:” Only in that hysteria it will be possible for the coalition led by Tadic and Company to lose the Elections, and that conflicts in Kosovo could be “deliberately caused”, but he would not say who would cause them, but Tadic and Company must desperately deflect the Attention away from their Dismal Economic Record. Nenad Canak went on to say that “If conflicts in Kosovo are not deliberately made I think that it is very likely that a group of Political Parties gathered around the DS will win on the Republic level.” The Election Strategy of Tadic and Company is American Mafia Style Threats and Intimidation that America and its Puppets are prepared to start any war if it will help them win the Election, and if they should lose the Election, then the Colour Revolution OPTOR Rent a Crowd and the Western Lying Media, knows how to bring Tadic and Company back to power, in order to continue to further exploit the Serbian People.